Everything you need to know about Organ Donation

Is it possible for a person to live after leaving this world? Is it possible for the heart to continue to hum its favourite tune or one’s eyes to see this beautiful world even when one is no longer alive in this world? Is it possible to feel the presence of your dear ones even after they die?  The answer to all this is yes!


Do you know that over lakhs of people need an organ transplant or a cornea transplant every year in the country? And that a person can save eight lives by choosing to donate their organs? Even if one must have heard of this randomly, but do you know the details of it? If not, This article will tell you everything about organ donation.


Organ donation and tissue donation is more important than many of us realize. Today there are lakhs of individuals waiting for an organ transplant to have a healthier and productive life. For some who are at an extreme end-stage organ failure, it is truly a matter of life and death. Additional to these numbers the thousands more whose lives will be better through tissue and cornea donation and transplants that can help them move better or see better, and live better.



  • A person can need an organ transplant when one of their organs is facing some problem or failing to work properly. Getting an organ transplant can increase the person’s life and allow such people with the illness to live a normal lifespan like all others.

  • Many people need an organ transplant due to some genetic conditions like polycystic kidney disease or cystic fibrosis, or a heart defect.

  • Diseases like hepatitis or physical injuries to organs and damage due to chronic conditions such as diabetes may also be the reason for a person to need a transplant.

  • There are lakhs of people on the organ transplant waiting lists.  In most cases, a person can die if they do not have an organ transplant in that desired period. Many people die waiting for an organ.

  • The transplant process differs somewhat depending on the organ, but the need for a matching donor is a constant struggle.

  • An organ transplant improves a person’s quality of life, as people who need organs typically have very serious illnesses and an organ transplant could be the only option for them.


A single deceased donor can save the lives of up to 8 people, and help improve the lives of more than 100 people by donating tissues.

For a person who needs an organ, finding a donor may take weeks, months, or maybe sometimes longer.


There are two ways to obtain an organ:

  • A person can wait for a donor to become available on the transplant list after they have registered.

  • A person can find their own donor who is willing to donate the organ. This can usually be a family member or friend of the person who needs a transplant, but some people are willing to donate to people they don’t know. Some people even sometimes advertise for donors using social media.

There are two types of donors:

  • Living donors can donate a lung, a kidney, or a portion of the pancreas, liver, or intestines. They must be in acceptably good health.

  • Deceased donors can donate two lungs, two kidneys, the heart, pancreas, and intestines and corneas. They may also donate body tissues, such as heart valves, tendons, and also skin. Hand and face donation has also become an option now.


Donation is not only related to the donors and the recipients. But it also affects the families, friends, connections and acquaintances who love and support those in need of transplantation and those who benefit from their new life and recovered health after the organ or tissue transplants.


Organ donation provides a life-giving opportunity to those who are at the end of their hopes for their lives and still want to enjoy their normal expected years of life. So, the need for organ donors is increasing.

How it works:

  • The process begins once the doctor puts a person on the list for an organ transplant. This can be done after a doctor examines the person and diagnoses a serious medical condition and states that this person needs an organ transplant.

  • Organ transplantation is a complicated process that requires a very close match between the recipient and donor. Depending on the organ concerned, other factors may also be significant.

  • When the name of a person reaches the top of the waiting list, they will receive the organ transplant as soon as the next matched donor is available.

  • When an organ becomes available, the person seeking a transplant must respond quickly. As organs cannot survive for long outside the body, transplant surgery must be done within just a few hours.

  • After the transplant, the recipient will be monitored for a few days by the doctors. This all depends on many factors like, what organ transplant they have had, or how was the patient overall health, how well did the surgery go, or anything else that the doctor considers to be important.

Benefits of an organ transplant:

  • avoiding some medical procedures such as dialysis

  • living a long and healthy life

  • living a healthier or less painful life

  • getting an improved quality of life, such as when a cornea transplant restores a person’s sight, it will improve their quality of life

  • correcting congenital disabilities that endanger the life of a person

  • after getting the transplants, fewer visits to the hospital, needing fewer surgeries or taking fewer medications

Green Corridor

  • A green corridor is a demarcated, cleared-out special road route created for an ambulance to pass speedily that enables retrieved organs that are meant for transplant to reach the destined hospital.

  • Green corridors require collective efforts from the transplant coordinators, the local police, the traffic police, and the airport staff. Awareness of the general public towards green corridors is also important so that they too support these green corridors when they are made for transplanting the organs.

After knowing all about organ donation, let’s pledge to donate our organs so that even after we die, our loved ones can feel our presence and we can give a normal and healthier life to people in need of such organ transplants.

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